Co-infection with Lyme
Ticks carry dozens of infectious diseases, and will
frequently pass more than one germ through the bite.
It is becoming increasingly clear to
that the symptoms and diagnosis of Lyme Disease is
being impacted synergistically by co-infections, which can greatly complicate treatment protocols and
adversly impact the ultimate recovery of those suffering from chronic infections.
An excellent presentation from Columbia University on
Lyme disease and many of the co-infections can be found at: www.columbia.edu/itc/hs/nursing/m8770/2003/infectious%20diseases.ppt
In addition to Babesia,
Bartonella, Ehrlichia and CPN, ticks can spread the following diseases together with, or seperately
Rocky Mountain Spotted
Rocky Mountain spotted fever is the most severe and
most frequently reported ricketts-type illness in the United States. The parasite invades the cells lining
the heart and blood vessels, and without prompt and appropriate treatment, this illness can be
fatal. The symptoms
include: high fever, severe headache (especially behind the eyes), photophobia, and a tell-tale rash that
starts at the extremities and spreads to the trunk.
For more information: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rocky_Mountain_Spotted_Fever
Colorado Tick Fever
Colorado Tick fever is an acute viral infection that
lodges inside the cells. The symptoms include: high fever, chills, severe muscle aches, excessive sweating,
back pain, headache (especially behind the eyes), photophobia, nausea, vomiting, and
For more information: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colorado_tick_fever
Relapsing fever is caused by a spirochete carried by
at least 15 different Borrelia species and is extremely virulent. They can be transmitted in minutes
rather than hours. The
symptoms include: headache, chills, repeated bouts of high fever, eye inflammation, coughing and possibly
jaundice. The symptoms flare for up to a week and then disappear, only to re-appear – hence the
For more information: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Relapsing_fever
Tularemia, also known as “Rabbit Fever” is a
potentially serious illness caused by a bacteria found especially in rodents (and spread by ticks). The
symptoms include: headaches, painful and swollen lymph nodes, fever, chills, fatigue and diarrhea.Tularemia
can also be contracted by handling infected animal carcasses, eating or drinking contaminated food or water
and breathing in the bacteria.
For more information: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tularemia
Powassan encephalitis is an arthropod-borne virus
(arbovirus) without any known cure. The virus quickly invades and infects the brain causing the following
symptoms: high fever, headache, pain behind the eyes, light sensitivity, muscle weakness, seizures,
paralysis, brain inflammation and can also cause fatality.
Read here about recent outbreak in Maine and
Tick paralysis is a condition caused by a toxic
reaction to saliva from female ticks. The paralysis begins in legs and spreads throughout the body within
hours. Thankfully, the
recovery is rapid following the removal of the tick.
For more information: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tick_paralysis
Q-Fever is an infectious organism commonly found
in cattle, sheep, goats, and other domestic animals, including cats and dogs. The infection results from
breathing in the bacteria and/or contact with the vaginal mucus, milk, feces, urine or semen of infected
animals. It is considered possibly the most infectious disease in
the world, as a human being can be infected by a single bacterium.
The symptoms include: sudden onset of fever, severe headache, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, dry
cough, muscle pain, chills and confusion. It is usually fatal, if untreated.
For more information http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/qfever/
Chlamydia, usually thought of as a sexually
transmitted disease, is caused by a bacteria that has recently been identified in ticks. The symptoms are frequently absent
although damage can be severe (infertility in women).
For more information: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chlamydia
Symptoms are very similar to Lyme and correct treatment will also
result in herxheimer effect. IBS, Sinusitis, Epstein Barr, Diabetes and chronic respiratory problems
are very symptomatic in addition to the neurological and infammatory problems associated with Lyme.Chlamydia
Pneumoniae is unlike most bacteria in that it cannot survive as an active organism
outside your body's cells. Most bacteria can be treated fairly easily with antibiotics because they
circulate in the blood, whereas this one cannot.
For more information: http://cpnhelp.org/
Human Herpes Virus #6 is a virus that infects
white blood cells (not to be confused with the virus that causes cold sores) specifically T lymphocytes. It
is also known to infect and destroy the cells that produce myelin, the fatty coating that surrounds and
protects nerve cells. Additionally, the virus demonstrates the ability to cause disruption of the normal
functioning of the human immune system. The symptoms include: mononucleosis, autoimmune disorders, and
nervous system diseases.
For more information: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HHV6